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United States vs. International Health Care Spending


I. US National Health Expenditures as % of GDP by Decade, 1960-2010
II. US National Health Expenditures, Per Capita Spending, and % of GDP, 1960-2011
III. United States vs. International Health Care Expenditures as % of GDP, 2010
IV. United States vs. International Health Care Expenditures as % of GDP, 2005-2010
V. United States vs. International Health Care Expenditures Per Capita, 2010
VI. United States vs. International Health Care Expenditures Per Capita, 2005-2010

The National Health Expenditures represent the total health care spending in the United States including personal health care, government public health activity, government administration, and the cost of health insurance. According to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), US health care spending is financed by a mixture of the federal government (28%), households (28%), businesses (21%), state and local governments (17%), and other private sources (7%).

I. US National Health Expenditures as % of GDP by Decade, 1960-2010

Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), "National Health Expenditure Accounts: NEH Tables" (987 KB) , cms.gov (accessed Dec. 31, 2013)


II. US National Health Expenditures, Per Capita Spending, and % of GDP, 1960-2011

Total expenditures and per capita spending numbers are not adjusted for inflation.
Total Expenditure (Billions) Per Capita Spending Percent of GDP
2011 $2,700.7 $8,680 17.9%
2010 $2,600.0 $8,417 17.9%
2009 $2,501.2 $8,163 17.9%
2008 $2,406.6 $7,922 16.8%
2007 $2,298.3 $7,636 16.4%
2006 $2,163.3 $7,255 16.2%
2005 $2,030.5 $6,875 16.1%
2004 $1,901.6 $6,497 16.0%
2003 $1,775.4 $6,121 15.9%
2002 $1,638.0 $5,695 15.4%
2001 $1,493.3 $5,240 14.5%
2000 $1,377.2 $4,878 13.8%
1990 $724.3 $2,854 12.5%
1980 $255.8 $1,110 9.2%
1970 $74.9 $356 7.2%
1960 $27.4 $147 5.2%
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), "National Health Expenditure Accounts: NEH Tables" (987 KB) , cms.gov (accessed Dec. 31, 2013)


III. United States vs. International Health Care Expenditures as % of GDP, 2010

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), OECD Health Data 2013, June 27, 2013


IV. United States vs. International Health Care Expenditures as % of GDP, 2005-2010

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
United States 15.8% 15.9% 16.2% 16.6% 17.7% 17.7%
Australia 8.5% 8.5% 8.6% 8.8% 9.0% 8.9%
Canada 9.8% 10.0% 10.0% 10.3% 11.4% 11.4%
France 11.0% 11.0% 10.9% 11.0% 11.7% 11.7%
Germany 10.8% 10.6% 10.5% 10.7% 11.8% 11.5%
Italy 8.7% 8.8% 8.5% 8.9% 9.4% 9.4%
Japan 8.2% 8.2% 8.2% 8.6% 9.5% 9.6%
Sweden 9.1% 8.9% 8.9% 9.2% 9.9% 9.5%
Switzerland 10.9% 10.4% 10.2% 10.3% 11.0% 10.9%
UK 8.3% 8.4% 8.5% 9.0% 9.9% 9.6%
Source: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), OECD Health Data 2013, June 27, 2013


V. United States vs. International Health Care Expenditures Per Capita, 2010

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), OECD Health Data 2013, June 27, 2013


VI. United States vs. International Health Care Expenditures Per Capita, 2005-2010

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
United States $6,734.6 $7,111.4 $7,490.4 $7,771.5 $8,005.7 $8,246.8
Australia $2,979.6 $3,167.6 $3,360.3 $3,470.2 $3,734.4 $3,800.1
Canada $3,450.6 $3,672.3 $3,845.4 $3,997.6 $4,309.3 $4,445.1
France $3,253.9 $3,434.8 $3,600.1 $3,763.6 $3,961.7 $4,016.1
Germany $3,363.2 $3,563.9 $3,723.4 $3,973.3 $4,187.2 $4,348.6
Italy $2,472.7 $2,683.8 $2,723.8 $2,967.3 $3,029.5 $3,018.5
Japan $2,490.8 $2,603.9 $2,748.4 $2,890.7 $3,025.2 $3,213.1
Sweden $2,963.4 $3,190.6 $3,429.3 $3,655.8 $3,703.0 $3,716.6
Switzerland $4,015.3 $4,246.7 $4,567.4 $4,933.1 $5,156.7 $5,299.4
UK $2,762.0 $2,997.5 $3,094.1 $3,273.7 $3,455.6 $3,421.6
Source: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), OECD Health Data 2013, June 27, 2013