In March 2010, the US Congress passed HR 3590, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), and HR 4872, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. President Barack Obama signed them both into law, along with Executive Order 13535 restricting federal funds from being used for abortion services. On Thursday June 28, 2012 the US Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the PPACA in a 5-4 ruling.
Proponents of the health care legislation have called it a "historic victory" and "landmark legislation" that reforms the US health care system by reigning in health care costs, making health care more affordable, and protecting consumers from unfair insurance practices. They cite the Congressional Budget Office which reports that by 2021, it will reduce the nation's deficit by about $210 billion.
Opponents have called it a "socialist" and "unconstitutional" government takeover of the health care system that will increase the cost of health care, decrease the quality, and entrench a new entitlement. They say the law will increase the nation's deficit $340-$700 billion over the next decade. In 2011 and 2012 the House of Representatives voted 36 different times to repeal or replace Obamacare. Read more...
On Mar. 27, 2012, we updated the core question to include the term "Obamacare" because that label has become widely used to reference the Mar. 2010 health care reform laws by both critics of the health care changes and proponents, including the Obama administration itself.
ProCon.org is a nonpartisan, nonprofit website that presents research, studies, and pro and con statements on diverse issues including the Mar. 2010 health care laws (Obamacare). Many of the questions below are debated with pro and con responses. However, several of the questions are not debated and contain only pros or only cons. For these questions we have provided an Editor's Note in the empty column explaining that we have been unable to find an opposing viewpoint on these specific questions.